Besides exercise and proper nutrition, sleep is one of the most important things for leading a healthy life. A lot of people take sleep for granted because of the new and modern lifestyle we have today.
Did you know that around 45% of Americans reported that inadequate sleep affected their daily activities? There are various sleep issues that we can have if we neglect the importance of sleep. Check out the infographic below to learn more about stats and facts all of us should know about sleep.
During the night, our body goes through sleep cycles between 4-5 times. Each cycle is made up of five stages - two stages of light sleep, two of a deep sleep, and one stage of REM (rapid eye movement) sleep. Each cycle lasts between 90 and 120 minutes.
During light sleep, your body relaxes, while eye movement, muscle activity, brain waves, and heart rate slow down. Body temperature drops as well.
In the deep sleep stage, hormones for bone and skin repair are released, and physical energy is restored. If you wake up people who just entered this phase of sleep, they can be pretty disoriented.
REM sleep is a stage when our mind is most active. This is the time when dreams occur, heart rate and body temperature increase, and muscles become temporarily paralyzed.
Things to Avoid to Improve Sleep
If you want to have better sleep quality and feel rested after you wake up, try the following:
- avoid spicy food at least 2-3 hours before going to bed
- don't drink caffeine after 3 pm
- avoid sugary drinks
- stop consuming alcohol and cigarettes
- don't take a hot shower right before going to bed.
If you want to become an expert and learn more about what is the right amount of sleep, how daytime naps affect our body and brain, how to improve sleep quality, etc. check out the infographic below! Enjoy learning more about the importance of sleep!